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Best Water Purifier Guide in India

How RO water purifiers work?

The full form of RO is 'Reverse Osmosis'. First we will explain how Reverse Osmosis works. Reverse Osmosis uses RO membranes to purify water. An RO membrane is like a very, very fine cloth, so fine that it can filter out from water chemical molecules. A molecule is at least a thousand times smaller than the smallest of viruses, bacteria or germs. The image below is used to explain what is RO Reverse Osmosis. The holes or pores of an RO membrane, through which water is filtered out, is so small, that it traps not only the smallest of bacteria or virus but also blocks chemical molecules like that of salt.

The RO pore size diagram below shows a graphical representation of the hole size of an RO Membrane compared with the size of common impurities in water. This helps us to understand how an RO water purifier works.

Sketch showing pore sizes of RO, Nanofiltration and Ultrafiltration membranes Vs sizes of microbes and impurities
Membrane pore size compared with size of contaminant impurities

RO membranes have very fine holes called pores, through which pure water molecules can flow through but will not allow larger molecules of salt to pass through.

The diagram shows the size of the RO membrane pore in the centre as 0.0005 microns which is slightly larger than a water molecule, so water molecules pass through an RO membrane pore. Sodium Chloride molecule at 0.0007 micron is larger, and will not pass through the RO membrane pore. Germs, Viruses, and organic molecules which are very much larger than the RO pore cannot pass through the RO membrane pore. So when dirty water is kept under pressure on one side of the RO membrane, only pure water will pass through the RO membrane pore.

Not all water is passed through the RO membrane pore in a RO water purifier, only about 50% of the dirty water is allowed to pass through the RO membrane as pure water. The balance 50% of the water is flowing over the surface of the membrane continuously and is rejected or thrown out. The impurities remain in this reject RO water which is thrown out into the drain. This explains how RO works in water purifiers

Why RO water purifier is required

Why an RO water purifier is required is because it is the best home water purifiers available. An RO water purifier can remove dissolved chemicals in water, which other types of water purifiers cannot remove. If ever the drinking water gets polluted with poisons like Arsenic, only an RO water purifier can get rid of it. An RO water purifier is also the most efficient in removing from water all bacteria and viruses. So the simple answer to the question 'Why RO water purifier is required?' is that it protects the user from all types of dangers in drinking water.

Reverse Osmosis or RO is without doubt the best water purification system for home and it is being realised by people all over the world. No doubt that the price of RO water purifier is expensive, but it is really worth the money, it saves lives.

How RO works in water purifiers

reverse osmosis RO flow diagram of an Undersink RO

To explain how RO works in water purifiers we have the flow diagram of a Reverse Osmosis RO water purifier. The RO water purifier flow diagram shows the several filtration stages which is there in an RO water purifier. There are several pre-treatment filtration stages in an RO water purifier before the RO membrane to protect it. These pre-treatment filters remove suspended particles and the activated carbon filter removes Chlorine, which can damage the RO membrane.

In the RO flow diagram here, it shows a 5 stage RO water purifier. What is meant by stages in a RO water purifier is the number of water purification steps the water undergoes in a water purifier. In this diagram the first stage is the sediment filter of 20 microns, the second stage the fine filter of 5 microns, the third stage is the activated carbon filter, the fourth stage is the RO membrane and the fifth stage is the UV water purifier. Some RO water purifiers come with 6 or even 7 stages of water purification. The additional stage may be a second activated carbon filter containing a block activated carbon or Granular activated carbon. There could also be a remineralisation filter or taste enhancer stage at the end after the RO membrane.

Reverse Osmosis Applications

These are some of the most important applications of RO technology in everyday life

  • Water Desalination: The major application of RO technology is in water desalination, that is to convert salty water (sea water, ground water, etc.) into fresh water. Many countries in the Middle East Gulf countries have huge RO desalination plants for their fresh water needs
  • Food Industry: concentrate milk, orange juice, tomato juice, etc.. Main advantage of RO here is that the food is not heated and low operating cost.
  • Pharmaceutical: In the manufacture of many medicines like Antibiotics, RO is used to concentrate the solution of Antibiotic obtained by fermentation prior to freeze drying to get antibiotics in powder form.
  • Car Wash: The final rinse water in leading automatic car washing use RO water in the final rinse. This will leave a highly polished surface, since RO water will not leave any stains on drying.
  • Waste water recycling: RO is being increasingly used to recycle waste water to potable or drinking water quality. Even sewage water is being recycled this way. Some countries have or are seriously thinking of increasing their fresh potable water supply this way, because waste water recycling is a cheaper option than sea water desalination.

How to buy Water Purifiers in India

The best way to buy Water Purifiers in India is to first look at all models of Water Purifiers available online at the leading online Retailers in India. For example on the online webpage of All Water Purifiers available in India on Amazon.in, you will find the full range of Indian Water Purifiers complete with their best discounted price and full specifications. This is great information, and you can decide on which model of water purifier to buy. With the model of water purifier you want to buy finalised, you can go to local shops to try and find the model of water purifier you have chosen and see if you can get at similar price of that at Amazon.in. In most cases the price from Amazon will be cheaper, because they buy in bulk from the manufacturers direct and they sell huge volumes because they are the world's largest and most trusted online retailer. If you buy from Amazon, they will arrange to have the water purifier installed in your house, usually free of charge.

Warranty and other facilities offered through Amazon are usually better than what you can get from local agents of water purifiers.

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